Islam and Europe can not be separated. This is because Islam has experienced the glory and greatness in the Blue Continent in the past. History records, Islam flew in Europe in the first century until the seventh century Hijri or the seventh to the 13th century AD. Areas subject to Islamic rule include from the east to Parsi and to the west, in addition to Africa also to Constantinople (Turkey) and the Andalusian Peninsula in Europe or now known as Spain.
After the rule of the Umayyad Caliphate, based in Damascus overthrown by the Abbasids in 750 AD, the dynasty did not completely collapse. Five years later, Abdurrahman I who holds al-Dakhil succeeded in establishing a new Umayyad Caliphate in mainland Europe.
The new Caliphate was even able to match the glory of the Abbasid dynasty, especially in the field of science and technology. The sheen of science and technology in the Umayyad region of Andalusia began in the days of Abdurrahman al-Aushat’s rule. He is a leader who is deeply in love with science.
A series of prominent Muslim scholars sprang up in Spain. They develop science and technology. Until now, traces of Islamic greatness in Spain can still be witnessed through a number of historical relics. N
The Cordoba mosque is now transformed into a church or cathedral. This mosque was first built by Khalifah Muslim Abdurahman I in 787 AD. Its development continues to be done by the successors of the caliph.
The Cordoba Mosque has a deep room for prayers that are rectangular and surrounded by an open field. This is a model of Umayyad and Abbasid mosques built in Syria and Iraq.
Cordoba Mosque in Spain.
The Cordoba mosque has a very beautiful architectural art. The tower towers over the carved wooden trunks. There are 1,293 pillars made of various marble-patterned chess boards that support this mosque. On the south side there are 19 bronze-covered doors with amazing creations. Meanwhile, the middle door plated with gold plates. The length of the Cordoba Mosque from north to south reaches 175 meters and its width from east to west 134 meters. Meanwhile, the height reached 20 meters.
The Cordoba Mosque that turned the function into the Church of the Cathedral.
This building is often called the “lost palace” or “lost glory”. Al Hambra was built by Sultan Muhammad bin Ahmar, the king of the Moors originating from North Africa, in the 12th century. Sultan Muhammad is still a descendant of Said bin Ubaidah, a companion of Rasulullah SAW from the Khazraj tribe in Medina.
Al Hambra Palace is equipped with a garden that contains a variety of trees and also the flowers are fragrant semerbak and comfortable atmosphere. Inside is also Hausyus Sibb (Lion Park) surrounded by 128 poles made of marble. In this park there is also a fountain pool decorated with twelve statues of lions that line up in circles.
Park at the Alhambra
The palace is surrounded by a fortress with reddish stucco. On the outside and inside the palace is supported by pillars of length as a buffer as well as decorating the palace. The walls are heavily adorned with distinctively carved Arabic calligraphies that are hard to match.
Giralda Tower (Seville)
Giralda is a 97.54 meter azan tower relics of the Almohad Kingdom in the 12th century that has now transformed into a cathedral. The tower built in the city of Seville is 105 meters high and completed in 1198 by architect Ben Ahmad Baso. At its peak there used to be a copper dome that then collapsed in the aftermath of the earthquake in 1365.
Church of Santa Maria de la Sede in Seville, originally a great mosque.
Giralda became the most famous symbol in Sevilla. In this building is located the tomb of Columbus. He was buried in Spain for dying in one of the territories of Affairs of the Matador, namely Valladolid on May 20, 1506.