The past is not just a matter of time without meaning, but a lesson for us to move into the future. Do you know? Two-thirds of the Qur’an is presented in story form. Al-Qur’an and Al-Hadith is a guide to life for humans.
Looking further, the moral messages contained in the Qur’an largely explain the story of his former people and messengers. Among these stories, there are people who are destroyed by God, others are saved.
The Lord reminds people of the ‘Ad, his people of the Prophet Hud, who is an ancient tribe living in Al-Ahqaf area north of Hadramaut, between Yemen and Oman. They lived after the great flood in the time of Noah. Their lives are narrated in several verses of the Qur’an. Initially they are a prosperous tribe but associate Allah and oppose the prophet sent to them, then Allah destroy them with a deadly storm.
Also notice Thamud, his people of the Holy Prophet, a people who have the expertise to carve and carve the hill for their home, can now be found on Mount Athlab and almost all of Arabia. In the Qur’anic narrative, the Thamud belonged to those who denied the prophet, so that the people were destroyed by an earthquake.
Also notice, how did God drown the Pharaoh with his battles. So it is with the people of Noah who was inflicted by the great flood. Then the disappearance of his people of the Prophet Luth has exceeded the limit.
“Have not they come to the important news about those before them, (ie) the people of Noah, ‘Aad, Thamud, the people of Abraham, the Madyan population and the countries that have perished? Having come to them the Apostles with real testimony, Allah never persecutes them, but they are the ones who Mind themselves. “(Surat at Taubah (9): 70).
Through the previous story, God warns people to learn from the past, learn from history, why God destroys a country and its people.
Learn from History
Why should we learn History? In Surah Yusuf (12): 111, Allah (swt) says: “Verily in their stories (the Prophets and their people) there is a lesson for those who have reason. The Qur’an is not a fake story, but it justifies (the books) before and explains all things, as well as a guide and a mercy to those who believe. ”
Although the above verse is intended to understand and take lessons from the stories (history) of the previous prophet and his people, does not mean we as Muslims do not need to take a lesson or educational values of a nation in the aftermath.
In another verse it is explained, “wal tandzur nafsun maa qaddamat lighad” (Notice your history, for your future). QS 59:18).
Almost all the destructive events described in the Qur’an are “observable” and recognized by archaeological research, archives and findings. In this study we will relate to the traces of the remaining remains of some of the destructive events mentioned in the Qur’an.
For example, archaeological findings explain, the great flood during Noah’s time occurred in the Mesopotamian plains. Then, excavations conducted by an archaeologist Sir Leonard Woolley on the Mesopotamian plains reveal a 2.5 m deep mud layer deep in the earth. This discovery becomes an important proof that the Flood occurred only in the Mesopotamian plains.
Woolley’s excavation was presented by a German archaeologist, Werner Keller, in his book The Bible as History: a Confirmation of the Book of Books.1 The next proof is the discovery of Noah’s boat on Mount Agri or Ararat in Turkey. Noah’s Noah’s boat Noah’s Ark Ministries International was found at an altitude of 13,000 feet on Mount Ararat, eastern Turkey.
Take a Trip
The book titled “Sparks of Science in the Qur’an explores Scientific Inspiration” written by Ir. H. Bambang Pranggono, MBA, IAI, explains that traveling is part of faith.
“Why do they not walk on earth, in order to have a heart that can understand, or have a listening ear.” (Surat al Hajj (22): 46).
Another verse explains: “Truly, it has passed before you, the sunna-sunnah of Allah, because it walketh you to the (whole) of the earth and see how is the end of those who denied (the apostles).” (Surat al-Imran: 137) .
“Thus We have told you (Muhammad) a part of the past (people), and indeed, We have given you a warning (the Qur’an) from Our side.” (Surat Thaha: 99)
“Say (Muhammad),” Go on the earth and look to the ends of the ancients. Most of them are those who associate (Allah). “(Surat ar-Rum: 42)
Thus, traveling is God’s command. Whoever obeys His commands, belongs to the believer. So traveling is part of the faith, whatever the purpose of the journey, as long as it is not for immorality.
In the Qur’an, 27 times Allah says about the journey, for example in QS al Hajj (22): 46 above, the purpose of the journey is to open up the insight of understanding and hear more, so it is wiser. Or as in the QS Ar-Rum (30) verse 9, “Why did they not walk in the earth, so that he would pay attention to the consequences of those before them?”
“The meaning of the purpose of the journey in this verse so that people can take lessons from the mistakes of people in the past. This instruction of God is relevant throughout the ages. Every generation should try to visit, see the traces of success or destruction caused by the behavior of previous generations. The former remains of former people – kafir or muslim – must be preserved, preserved to be visited. That’s the essence of the Qur’anic command, “Bambang wrote.
Archaeological and conservation studies are vital in the process of improving faith. A conservation approach will always be needed continuously. Therefore, all human works that are living today will soon become artifacts, historical relics for future generations.
The practice of demolishing buildings and ancient relics for development projects must be prevented and directed at the concept of revitalization and the use of new (new uses) of historic buildings.
Nations that survive and excel is a dynamic nation, who like to wander, explore, take risks, scattered on earth. Conversely, a static, old-fashioned, sluggish nation, reluctant to emigrate, will be out of the world.
History records the success of the Arabs, Chinese, Mongols, Spanish, who once valiantly explored the world. The world is witnessing the power of the United States as a current superpower, notably a descendant of nomads, immigrants from Europe and African Negro slaves who dare to make a fate in the new continent.
The world will also witness the superiority of the Palestinians, Israelis, the Kurds, who have been driven away all over the world. Muslims must be extroverted human beings, fond of exploring, daring to free themselves from the confines of local tradition, from kejumudan.
The Meaning of History
In terminologically, the word ‘history’ is taken from Arabic, ‘syajaratun ’ which means tree. In term, this word gives a picture of the growth of human civilization with the symbol of ‘tree’. Which grows from small seeds to trees that are shady and sustainable.
In fact, from the Qur’anic guidance, the notion of “syajarah” is closely related to “change”. The meaningful change of “motion” of human life in accepting and performing its function as “khalifah” (Q.S. 2: 30). So the task of human life on earth is: “to create historical change” (khalifah).
To be able to grasp the lesson of the historical messages in it, requires the capability of the implicit implications of being or like (the lesson) in it. As written in Q.S. 12: 111, “laqad kana fi qashasihim ‘ibratun li ulil albab”. Indeed in history there are historical messages full of symbolism, for people who understand it.
According to Prof. Dr. H. Abd. Majid, M.A, Professor of the University of Education of Indonesia, the purpose of studying history is to obtain information and understanding of the origins of cultural treasures and wealth in other fields that have been achieved by people in the past and take ‘ibrah (lesson) of the incident.
Learning history can also shape the character and personality of mankind. Because, by studying the History and Culture of the young generation will get a very valuable lesson from the journey of a figure or a previous generation. From history, today’s generations can take good lessons from the past and leave behind the bad.
Historical Functions According to the Qur’an
The Qur’an discusses the subject matter of morality, aqidah, worship, history and story. The Qur’an advocates to study and understand the history and stories of ancient times and be able to gain knowledge and wisdom.
Why does God give a formula, to gain the future, to turn to the past? The past tales contained in the Qur’an are used as a guide for “Changing History” in different places, and times are not the same. History gives Mau’idzah (lessons) for people who are conscious and change.