PRIBUMI ONLINE, TANJUNG ENIM – Question:
Assalamu ‘Alaikum, Ustadz want to ask .. May the zakat mall be given to a sister who is not working this year? Already a family with 2 children, his wife works. Jazakallah
Wa’alaikumus greetings warahmatullah …
Alhamdulillah. Shalawat and greetings upon Rasulillah and his family. Your sister who has not worked for a year means not having any income. While he has the obligation to support his family; A wife and 2 children. Can we conclude, poor condition or unable to fulfill the obligation of livelihood for his family.
Giving zakat mall to the poor close relatives of his family (sibling included) is permitted. Even including those who should take precedence over poor people who are not relatives. Giving alms (including zakat) to kin have two virtues; Namely as alms and as a friendship.
Rasulullah sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam said,
الصدقة على المسكين صدقة وهي على ذي الرحم ثنتان صدقة وصلة
“Alms to the poor is (can be rewarded, pent) alms. While alms to the relatives there are two rewards; The reward of charity and the reward of friendship. “(Narrated by Al-Tirmidhi, he said: Hadith hasan)
Condition, the relative is not under dependent himself in the affairs of living. If he is in your livelihood then you should not give your zakat to him.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Utsaimin Rahimahullah said,
يجوز أن تدفع زكاة الفطر وزكاة المال إلى الأقارب الفقراء, بل إن دفعها إلى الأقارب أولى من دفعها إلى الأباعد; لأن دفعها إلى الأقارب صدقة وصلة, لكن بشرط ألا يكون في دفعها حماية ماله, وذلك فيما إذا كان هذا الفقير تجب عليه نفقته أي على الغني , فإنه في هذه الحال لا يجوز له أن يدفع حاجته بشيء من زكاته لأنه إذا فعل ذلك فقد وفر ماله بما دفعه من الزكاة, وهذا لا يجوز ولا يحل.
“Zakat fitrah and zakat mal can be given to close relatives. Even giving Zakat to close relatives is more important than given to distant relatives. Because giving zakat to close relatives including alms and friendship. But on condition, issuing the property of zakat is not as a trick to maintain (protect) his property.
That is, when the fakir becomes the burden of his dependent (in the affairs of his livelihood), namely the rich man. In this case it should not meet the needs (duties) of its own zakat. Because if he did then he has covered the livelihood of his wealth with the zakat he has issued. This is unlawful and unlawful. “(Majmu ‘fatawa wa Rasail, Shaykh Muhammad ibn Shalih al-Utsaimin, volume XIX, quoted from islamway.net website)
أما إذا كان لا تجب عليه نفقته, فإن له أن يدفع إليه زكاته, بل إن دفع الزكاة إليه أفضل من دفعها للبعيد لقول النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: صدقتك على القريب صدقة وصلة
“As for if his relatives’ livelihood is not his responsibility, he may surrender his zakat to him. In fact, give alms to him more important than hand it over to the far, based on the words of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi Wasallam, “charity to someone close (relatives) is a charity and friendship”. ”
Opinion Sheikh Ibn Bazz Rahimahullah also similar,
أما بقية الأقارب كالإخوة, والأعمام, وبني العم, وبني الخالة, وأشباههم, فيعطون الزكاة إذا كانوا فقراء, أو غارمين, عليهم ديون ما يستطيعون أدائها
“The other relatives are siblings, uncles of the Father, cousins, and like them; They are given zakat if they are poor or those who are in debt, they have debts that can not afford it. ”
He argues with QS. Al-Taubah: 60 above. And zakat is worth alms and friendship.
In short, you may give your zakat mall to your poor sibling. Wallahu A’lam.